With a shoreline of 5000km which incorporates the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts in addition to the Balearic and Canary Islands there isn’t any scarcity of scuba diving alternatives in Spain. Actually Spain has the biggest shoreline of the EU but surprisingly it has solely comparatively lately joined the listing of fascinating diving locations.
For many divers it’s the clear waters of the Mediterranean that’s most tasty for a diving vacation. In prehistoric occasions the Mediterranean was a valley that flooded when the isthmus that joined Spain to Africa was breached by the Atlantic. The western a part of the Mediterranean could be very deep and with out plankton which signifies that in addition to there being no hazard of coming throughout basking sharks or manta rays there may be additionally excellent visibility, glorious traits for many divers.
One of many highlights of diving on the Costa Brava are the Medas Islands off L’Estartit which have been protected since 1990. In addition to conger and moray eels you’ll come throughout an enormous range of marine life and lots of fish have a tendency to come back near divers as they’re protected and don’t have any concern of fishermen. There’s a lot to see from as shallow as 10m down past 50m together with magnificent cave buildings. There are some nice dive websites on the Costa Blanca, probably the most notable ones being round Calpe which is a stone’s throw from Benidorm. Additional down on the south coast there are nice dive websites off the western Costa del Sol from Fuengirola and the opposite main resorts in addition to from Nerja and Almunecar in east.
There’s some excellent diving off the rugged west coast of Mallorca stretching all the best way from Pollenca within the north to Andratx within the south. There are common sightings right here of morays, octopus, scorpionfish, bream and anglerfish in addition to the shoaling barracuda. The island of Cabrera off Mallorca is a protected marine reserve which will be booked upfront by divers. The southern coast of Menorca provides gorgeous underwater surroundings which attracts many cave divers in addition to leisure divers. Marine life is just like that in Mallorca with widespread sightings of barracuda, amberjack, dentex and dolphins in addition to the occasional swordfish.
Diving within the Canary Islands
Diving in Gran Canaria: Guests to the favored vacation vacation spot of Gran Canaria have entry to quite a few attention-grabbing dive websites such because the El Cabrón Marine Reserve off the east coast. Wreck divers can discover quite a few sunken ships at websites off the north-east coast and there are some dive excursions to websites off Playa de Las Canteras within the north.
Diving in El Hierro: For crystal-clear waters there’s nowhere fairly just like the dive websites across the volcanic island of El Hierro the place visibility of so far as 50 metres isn’t unusual. The island is probably the most westerly of the Spanish Canary Islands which has been declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO. Underwater volcanic eruptions in 2012 have regenerated the seabed across the island making a spectacular range of marine life which is finest seen within the Mar de las Calmas Marine Reserve within the south of the island.
Diving in Fuerteventura: That is the oldest of the Canary Islands which was created by a volcanic eruption some 20 million years in the past. It is usually recognised as a biosphere reserve by UNESCO. Divers can get pleasure from heat waters and glorious visibility all year long within the island’s primary dive websites which embody the Lobos Islands Nature Reserve off the north coast and the volcanic rock formations off Ajuy on the west coast.
Diving in Lanzarote: Situated off the north coast of Fuerteventura there are quite a few dive firms across the coast of this vacation island. Skilled divers ought to head for dive websites off the north coast which is residence to the Chinijo Archipelago which incorporates the little recognized island of La Graciosa.
Diving on the Costa Brava (Catalonia)
Medes Islands: This Marine Reserve off the coast of L’Estartit is an underwater extension of the Montgrí mountain vary which is made up of seven small islands. It’s considered one of Spain’s premier locations for scuba divers because of the biodiversity of its fauna and flora. There are a lot established dive centres in L’Estartit itself and in different close by resorts alongside the Costa Brava. Widespread dives embody Carall Bernat, La Vaca, Dofí Nord, Pota de Llop and Les Ferranelles.
Cabo de Rosas: Additional up the coast, within the Gulf of Roses, is the Cap de Creus Pure Park which is an space of outstanding magnificence on each land and sea. Dive journeys to standard websites akin to La Galera and Bau del Moli are perfect for novice divers because of the clear, shallow waters. Extra skilled divers also needs to head for Illa de la Massa d’Or which is likely one of the coast’s finest organic reserves.
Diving on the Costa Blanca (Valencia)
Calpe: There are lots of PADI dive centres within the vacation resorts of the Costa Blanca which supply quite a lot of brief dive journeys off the coast. The world round Calpe is a well-liked vacation spot because of quite a few scenic websites with wall dives, arches and swim-throughs in addition to some spectacular caves and caverns. The premier dive websites near Calpe are within the waters of the Parque Pure Penyal de Ifac (Peñón de Ifach).
Penyal d’Ifac Pure Park: The Peñón de Ifach is a towering rock off the coast of Calpe which is seen from Benidorm to Moraira and will be seen from Ibiza on a transparent day. The Phoenicians referred to it because the Northern Rock to differentiate it from the Rock of Gibraltar within the south. The pure park is residence to a number of dive websites starting from the shallow shore dive at Pebble Seaside to the attractive Arches at Los Arcos. Water temperatures vary from 27ºC in the summertime to 13ºC within the winter and the realm enjoys good visibility averaging round 20 metres relying on depth.
Isla Tabarca: One other standard website for divers positioned is the Island of Tabarca which lies 9 km off the city of Santa Pola to the south of Alicante. Quite a few dive centres positioned alongside the Costa Blanca provide dive excursions to this protected marine reserve which is well-known for its crystal-clear waters and marine biodiversity.
Diving in Murcia
La Manga: While comparatively few northern European divers are conscious of l. a. Manga as a well-liked diving space, it’s invaded most weekends by divers from throughout Spain. The Islas Hormigas Marine Reserve is the principle attraction, however Spanish divers are additionally drawn to La Manga by the superb shore dives, wreck dives, cavern dives and reef dives which lie near, however outdoors, the reserve itself. Shore dives and the simpler boat dives are perfect for novices, but additionally attention-grabbing and pleasing for extra skilled divers. And there are many more difficult wreck, reef and cavern dives within the space.
Cabo de Palos: Situated on the southern fringe of La Manga del Mar Menor, the small port of Cabo de Palos is the best base from which to discover the Cabo de Palos and Islas Hormigas Marine Reserve which is considered one of mainland Spain’s premier dive locations. The world provides idyllic circumstances for divers with very heat sea temperatures in the course of the summer season months mixed with visibility as excessive as 25 metres. The waters are residence to an abundance of marine life amidst a sequence of rock heads which rise to from a depth of 60 metres.
Wreck divers are drawn to the waters across the Islas Hormigas the place quite a few ships have sunk through the years together with the notorious SS Sirio which went down in these waters in 1906 on route from Italy to South America. One other standard wreck for superior divers is to the location of a ship referred to as the Isla Gomera which went down in 1946 while carrying a cargo of oranges. Dive journeys extra generally confer with the location as ‘El Naranjito’.
There are a lot extra dive websites alongside this coast as you head additional west with the realm round Cabo Cope of specific curiosity.
Diving within the Balearic Islands
Diving in Menorca: There are some nice diving spots across the Balearic Islands however few can beat the the rugged north coast of Menorca. The dive centres of Fornells head to websites inside the North Menorca Marine Reserve between Cap Gros and Punta des Morter and additional west to websites off the Cap de Cavalleria. One other attention-grabbing spot is the island of Illa de l’Aire which lies simply offshore from Punta Prima on Menorca’s south-east.
Diving in Mallorca Nearly each vacation resort in Mallorca is residence to a PADI dive centre providing programs and dive journeys to websites throughout the island. Skilled divers ought to attempt to get a allow to go to the distant Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial Nationwide Park which lies 10km off the south-east coast of the island. Boat journeys to the Cabrera Archipelago depart from Colònia de Sant Jordi however are strictly restricted in numbers. Different standard diving locations in Mallorca embody the Llevant Marine Reserve off Capdepera on the east coast, the marine reserves of El Toro and Islas Malgrats off the south-west coast and the Island of Dragonera within the very south-west.
Diving in Ibiza and Formentera: There are some glorious dive websites positioned between the Parc Pure de Ses Salines to the south of Ibiza and S’Espalmador to the north of Formentera. Crystal clear waters and gentle temperatures assist make these islands all yr spherical diving locations.
Diving in Andalucía
Cabo de Gata: Persevering with alongside the coast from Murcia results in Andalucía which is Spain’s largest autonomous neighborhood with a shoreline of greater than 1000 km. One of many area’s premier dive websites is the Cabo de Gata Pure Park in Almeria which has been declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO. Piedra de los Amarillos is a well-liked alternative for inexperienced divers while professional divers can discover the wreck of a steamer which lies at a depth of 40 metres in Punta Baja.
La Herradura: The neighbouring province of Granada has some glorious diving alternatives within the Bay of La Herradura on the Costa Tropical. The very best websites lie amongst the rocky capes of Punta de la Mona and Cerro Gordo which cater for each novices and skilled divers. The world is residence to a big number of marine wildlife in waters which keep comparatively heat all yr spherical. Dive colleges based mostly in close by Nerja provide excursions into the Maro-Cerro Gordo Cliffs Pure Space.
Tarifa: To the west of the Costa del Sol within the Province of Cádiz the principle attraction for divers is the realm round Tarifa. Though this coast is finest recognized for wind sports activities there are some good dive websites the place you could be lucky sufficient to see dolphins and turtles. The primary website for skilled divers is the Wreck of the San Andrés, a steamboat that sank in these waters in 1856.
Diving in Galicia
Rías Baixas: The Atlantic coast of Galicia within the north-west of Spain is known for its shellfish which comes from a sequence of drowned river valleys referred to as the Rías Baixas. Not surprisingly these rias show fascinating to severe divers. The primary attraction is the Ría de Arousa which is residence to some fascinating marine life akin to gentle corals, sponges and even seahorses. Many ships have gone down off this coast over the centuries making a wreck cemetery for skilled divers.
Islas Cíes: Additional south, within the Vigo estuary, there are equally attention-grabbing dive websites and quite a few shipwrecks. Among the finest diving areas is the Cíes Islands which lies off Vigo within the Nationwide Park of the Atlantic Islands. The Cíes archipelago is made up of three islands (Monte Agudo, O Faro and San Martiño) the place divers can discover some unbelievable marine environments. Visibility will be restricted on this area and divers ought to put together for the chilly of those Atlantic waters.